Nutrition for people who like runing

Preparing for a running or enter a running race not just regular practice. It is important to maintain nutrition throughout training and running. That will help to make running more efficient and physically fit.

Runner’s preparation not only does it require regular preparation and practice, Regarding food, it is an equally important matter. For runners, athletes or regular exercisers Taking care of your eating plan well and properly can help keep running. The strengthening of the physical strength can do with full efficiency Help restore the body Reduce injury. Also reduce the danger during the competition. It good for maintain a physical condition for other activities.

Preparing a meal plan for running or participating in a race consists of three phases: pre-run, sprint, and post-run.  In which each period Are all useful And the importance is different.

Before you run, eat well, prepare yourself.

People who exercise regularly runners with training schedules and practice running regularly Nutrition supervision is needed. By choosing a food that provides complete nutrition Fully proportioned according to the food principles of 5 groups.

  • Eat brown rice, brown rice, hand grains. 
  • Eat vegetables and fruits on a regular basis.
  • Eat lean fish and meats, eggs, legumes.
  • Drink milk or plant-based milk on a regular basis. 
  • Reduce spicy food, reduce sweet and salty. 
  • Refrain from drinking beverages Alcoholic.
  • Avoid processed foods And food with chemical contaminants.

In addition, the amount of food should be set in moderation. Enough to meet the needs of the body to be used as energy for exercise and running. For runners who practice hard Should increase the amount of food in the appropriate proportion as follows.

Drinking enough water is equally important. 

Nutrition that matters Compensating for water loss from physical activity and running training is no less important than the other. Which drinking enough water for the runner. Will help regulate the heartbeat level Make it pump Better blood flow And help reduce body temperature. Thus resulting in better running recommended to drink at least 2 liters of water per day (for people weighing 60 kg).

2 weeks before running, how do you eat?

The countdown begins near the running day 2 weeks before running. To eat all 3 meals in the amount that is appropriate to the needs. Do not try to lose weight, abstain or starve. Choose food By focusing on food that provides quality energy Complex carbohydrates white rice And various grains. 

Drink enough water to prevent sweat loss. Or drink at least 400-600 ml of water every 2-3 hours and need to increase the amount of water to drink more. If encountering extremely hot weather .

1 week before running, what kind of eating.

It’s close to running. This week is the preparation of energy supplies stored in the body. By focusing on white rice flour foods that can be converted to energy quickly. Choose lean proteins and eat more fruits and vegetables to provide your body with vitamins. Essential minerals Including dietary fiber that is necessary for excretion.

Avoid spicy food food that is unfamiliar with fermented foods. Foods that cause stomach irritation. To avoid problems that will occur to health. Or cause diarrhea.

Things to remember how to eat on a run

Regardless of which group they are running  for health, running after the front-line running results, should pay more attention to eating on the day of running.

  • Not fasting for breakfast before a run Choose nectar, bananas, Lets it more easily digestible carbohydrates. If it is a short run Immediately after waking up Able to postpone breakfast to eat after the run 
  • Avoid large meals before your run to reduce gastric and intestinal activity. Which eating the main meal before running Should eat at least 3 hours before running.
  • Avoid eating foods that are high in fat and fiber. To reduce abdominal distension, gas and stimulate bowel movements.
  • Avoid milk or coffee, which can cause diarrhea. Or stimulate bowel movements.
  • Avoid eating spicy foods and unfamiliar foods.

If you are hungry. Try to eat small meals focus on easily digestible carbohydrates. With medium sweetness and eat at least 1 hour before running.

Running long distances or marathon distances should stay hydrated for the entire length of time. To compensate for the water loss from sweating By drinking little by little, gradually drinking and sipping.

Choose to drink cold water to add freshness, sprinkle with water or wipe your face to help reduce body temperature.

Young runner and elderly runners should pay more attention to drinking water. Because it is a group that responds easily to water loss

What should I eat after running? 

After the run, it’s not like eating as you please. Eat anything but still have to take care and choose to eat carefully. In order for the body to rejuvenate compensate for lost energy and also to help repair Running wear parts.

Add carbohydrate pair proteins at a ratio of 3-4 carbohydrates to 1 portion protein by food pairing. Such as dried fruit and 1 glass of milk, banana and yogurt, sweet milk, or sticky rice with grilled pork.  

After running and exercising The ideal time to eat is 30-60 minutes if you are not hungry or have no time. Eat small, wholesome snacks to give your body energy. And the right nutrients.

Compensate for water loss By drinking enough water. For those who exercise hard long distance runner ,people who exercise or running in very hot weather. Drinking beverages containing electrolytes (Energy drinks) are another option. To help compensate for water loss And minerals.

Choose foods that are nutritious. Complete food groups Focus on foods that contain minerals and vitamins according to individual needs.Getting out and running isn’t difficult. 

New country singer Justine Blanchet launches “Got Away”

New country singer Justine Blanchet launches “Got Away”

No need to say, new country is gaining ground in Quebec. After Matt Lang, Britanny Kennell, Phil G. Smith and many others, here is a young singer-songwriter stepping into the arena.
Justine Blanchet will be releasing a brand new single next Monday called Got Away.

For the 19-year-old artist from Saint-Jérôme, country has been running in her veins for a very long time and in recent years, she has stepped on the accelerator to make her music heard more and more.

“I have been singing since I was very young,” she confides in Law. After having an appendectomy when I was 11, I told myself that I had to live each day like it was the last and the only thing I wanted to do, it was music. “

After basic training in lyric singing (opera) and four years in the air cadets where she took part in a few singing competitions, Justine naturally turned to new country.

“I’m writing more and more songs,” she adds. I love storytelling and country is the perfect vehicle to do it. For Got Away, for example, it’s the most personal song I’ve written so far. In it I tell the story of one person who has to move away from another who does not deserve it and from experience I can confirm that it is painful. “

The musician who accompanies herself on the guitar wants to continue to exploit her storytelling side which suits the style of music she has adopted.

“I really like the authenticity of the lyrics in country music,” she explains. It is this simplicity that attracts me. Today, I prefer not to complicate my life any more than it is right now with the pandemic. I focus on the present and on what I can control. Writing songs and performing them is what I do best then, I might as well make the most of it. “

“I write more and more songs. I love storytelling and country is the perfect vehicle to do it. “
– Justine Blanchet, singer-songwriter

A touch of Nashville

For the production, Justine turned to Yann Bélanger. Member of the Emerson Drive group, Bélanger is based in Mont-Laurier where he operates Studio Nashville North.

The collaboration between Bélanger and Blanchet is not new. The guitarist from Emerson Drive has produced his last two singles, in which we can easily feel the “nashvillesque” touch of Bélanger in the production.

Like the song Strong – which garnered 120,000 views on YouTube – released in January 2019 and Heartbeat launched last summer (150,000 views on YouTube), Got Away will be followed by a music video that will be available on August 28 on the channel. YouTube of the artist.

As for shows, like all artists, his agenda is not overflowing with commitments.

“I have a performance to do this weekend at a campsite in Ontario, but that’s it. I will continue to write songs, prepare a mini-album and we will see what happens, ”she concludes with a rather surprising wisdom for a young woman of 19 years. 

In Russia, a “disinfectant tunnel” to access President Putin

MOSCOW – Russian authorities have installed a disinfection airlock that sprinkles products on visitors authorized to access President Vladimir Putin in his residence. So as not to risk contamination with the new coronavirus.
Vladimir Putin worked hard since the start of the pandemic mainly in his residence in Novo-Ogariovo, near Moscow.

In order to protect the president from contamination. Those visitors must pass through a device that sprayed them on all sides with disinfectant. According to a video post on Twitter Tuesday evening by reporters from the state agency Ria Novosti which covers the Russian presidency. .

According to authorities in the Penza region, where the device that manufactured. This airlock “ensures the safety of the head of state and all who visit him.”

The president’s spokesman, Dmitri Peskov, for his part told journalists that “such disinfection and also installe devices in the Kremlin, there are even two there”.

“They installed at the peak of the epidemic and even today, the restriction regime remains in place” for visitors wishing to meet with Mr. Putin, he said, referring to security measures ” justified and understandable ”.

The manufacturer of the machine specializes in automated cleaning devices for industries. The device installed in Mr. Putin’s residence is also capable of measuring the temperature of visitors and have to equip with facial recognition technology, according to the manufacturer.

According to the Kremlin, Vladimir Putin is regularly test just like those who are in contact with him. Visitors should submit to screening before meeting him.

Despite the measures. Many senior Russian officials have been infected with the coronavirus such as Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov. Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, several ministers and MPs.

In March, Vladimir Putin shook hands and was in close contact, without a mask. The chief medical officer at one of the main hospitals treating coronavirus patients. The doctor, Denis Protsenko, had announced shortly after to be reached by the disease.

Russia has more than 553,000 cases of the coronavirus and 7,478 dead, according to official figures on Wednesday.

Japanese edamame Healthy snacks

Japanese edamame Healthy snacks.  Considere as a nutritious snack And many benefits plus low energy. Suitable for weight control range.

Have you ever had the time to walk to the supermarket during weight loss? Want to find a snack to eat, cure loneliness? When choosing a snack, the bag contains too much sodum and fat. Walking in circles, how do you choose? But do you know that the fact that in the supermarket, there are still snacks that are considered to be super healthy food. That is suitable for people losing weight That is rich in many benefits. Plus, chew, chew, and chew it apart, that is, ” Japanese edamame “.

What is the difference between Thai edamame and edamame?

Green Soybean, or Edamame (ภาษ 豆) in Japanese, is well known among Chinese people. And Japanese people for a thousand years And began to come to be known by the Thai people, along with receiving the Japanese food culture In fact, Thais have eaten edamame for a long time. 

Thai traditional edamame Is a young soybean pod that still has a green color Steamed or boiled and sprinkled with a pinch of salt to taste. But with edamame, Thai soybeans are young pods of soybeans that can be used to extract vegetable oils or to make protein extracts. It is a species whose seeds are small and relatively hard, tasteless. There is also a season when the beans are grown only, thus the popularity of eating edamame in Thailand gradually fades, while the edamame of Japan.Is considered a very popular food It is the staple food of the Japanese home. 

Therefore, soybean cultivars have been improved to have pods and seeds twice as large as normal peas, having a sweeter flavor and softer grains. Yield all year round To be used especially for eating young pods When the product has been obtained It is cleaned and frozen for distribution and also helps to preserve the freshness of the edamame. Therefore, no matter when you buy edamame. Good edamame must always be green.

Benefits of Japanese shortbread

Japanese edamame, or fresh soybeans, is a relatively inexpensive source of protein compared to eating beef. Have high nutritional value Low in energy and fat There are a variety of vitamins that are essential to the body. ABCK contains minerals that the body needs such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, folase and beta-carotene. It is also high in fiber, which can help reduce constipation. Which nutrients mentioned above are nutrients that help increase the immune system and reduce the risk of many diseases.

Rich in healthy fats

One cup of Japanese edamame provides approximately 8 grams of fat, which is about 3 grams of polyunsaturated fatty acids, the unsaturated fat found in soybeans. It reduces the risk of heart disease. It also contains omega-3s that can help reduce the risk of arteriosclerosis as well. By the amount of fat that is suitable for consumption of the general public per day Should consume no more than 25-35% of the energy from food your body needs per day.

Japanese edamame and weight loss period

With the delicious taste, easy to eat edamame, Japanese Plus rich in protein Numerous minerals and vitamins suitable for weight loss. Half-cup edamame also contains 9 grams of fiber, which is equal to the fiber content of four whole wheat breads and the fiber content of about 4 cups of steamed zucchini. This fiber will help you feel full faster, longer, and stay on the stomach without too much energy.

There are also many recipes that suggest eating edamame instead of meat. For gout patients Because it can reduce uric acid And as a substitute for meat protein for non-meat eaters or vegetarians as well. But not that many benefits are seen and will be able to eat at will Japanese edamame, in half the size of the soybeans, still provides approximately 13 grams of carbohydrates, which must be mindful of eating as well. Because the more you eat, the more it. The more you chew, the more enjoyable. May cause the brakes to break more than you can possibly eat.

Tramway: time is running out for the Legault government

The Legault government has three weeks, at most one month. To give the City of Quebec the powers to initiate a call for tenders to carry out work on the future structuring public transport network.

Otherwise, an anti-tramway party brought to power in the 2021 municipal elections will still have plenty of time to derail the project.
“We are ready to take the next step, the call for proposals process. But the authority to take the next step is conditional on two actions by the Quebec government. Once we have that, in due course, we can launch the call for proposals, “established the director of the project office of the structuring public transport network, Daniel Genest, on Tuesday.

Mr. Genest and the Director General of the City of Quebec, Luc Monty. He held a virtual press conference to share their answers to the most recent questions of the Commission of Inquiry of the Office of Public Hearings on the Environment (BAPE) on the $ 3.3 billion project.

Work is due to start in 2022 and schedule commissioning for 2026 and 2027, depending on the section.

In the documents concerning these four new responses sent to the BAPE, there can update schedule of the major milestones of the tram project.

The “call for proposals process” appears on the schedule at the beginning of September 2020. This is followed by “proposal analysis”, “financial close” and “contract signing”. For a crucial streak that spans 12 to 14 months then ends between September and November 2021.

The next municipal elections are scheduled for November 7, 2021.

Before November 7, 2021

“By the time we go out for the call for proposals. It takes 9 to 10 months to receive the proposals and the prices. Between the launch and the confirmation of the chosen private partner, it is 11 to 12 months. There are two more months to sign the contract, brings us to 12 to 14 months, which are difficult to compress, ”calculates Mr. Genest.

Depending on when the government led by François Legault gives its blessing. It will then take 12 to 14 months for the works contract, Therefore the entire project, to be set in stone. The first week of September would ensure that the matter is settled before November 7 next year and the municipal elections.

A wish mentioned publicly in the past by the mayor Régis Labeaume.

The provincial government must do two things. Amend Bill 26 concerning the Quebec tramway in this direction and see its council of ministers authorize the city to carry out the call for tenders in question for such large amounts.

Does a delay in obtaining these two keys jeopardize the project. exposing it directly to the electoral process? “We will see in the future, far from me the idea of ​​intervening in this sphere,” replied Mr. Genest, who avoids getting wet on the political side.

Frost the cake before baking it

In this regard, the leader of the official opposition to Quebec City, Jean-François Gosselin. Does not need to answer very critical of the project since day one. Mr. Gosselin believes this time that “the Labeaume administration wants to put the icing on the cake that is not even bake yet!”

It is an affront to the BAPE commission of inquiry, which must submit its report in November, continues the leader of the Quebec 21 party.

“The government of Quebec must not in any case authorize the City of Quebec to move on to the call for proposals stage before the BAPE submits its report and recommendations in November. ”

No confrontation with the BAPE

As for the reproaches made last week by the BAPE, which accused the City of Quebec of providing “incomplete” outdated answers, MM. Genest with Monty assure that these are normal question-and-answer exchanges that any notion of confrontation between the two entities must get remove.

“Our goal is always to respond as well as possible and as quickly as possible,” assures General Manager Monty. “We were surprised to see that we were suggesting that it was not working, although we always worked well together. We think we’re doing the best we can. We try to meet the deadlines and if we need more time, we try to come to an agreement. “

On the request for confidentiality in the business case, Mr. Monty says it came from Treasury Board, therefore the provincial government.

Among the new documents requested by the BAPE, a fresh ridership study will fill on August 31. The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic will consider. However, since two researchers from Laval University and the University of Montreal have estimated. That public transport would return to a certain normality within three to five years.

Disadvantages of electric cars

Infrastructure limitations for charging stations

            One of the main problems for electric train owners is finding a charger when traveling out of town. Long travel requires more careful planning and becomes a stressful challenge. Because you have to hope that Will there be a charging station?

Charging time

            On average, a full charge is approximately 4 hours and 30 minutes, which means that it only needs to be charged at night and in the daytime. If misused from this, it may cause problems with car use. This is different from refueling that takes only a few minutes.

Inconsistent drive distance problem

            All electric vehicles have an estimated total travel range, which is set by the manufacturer and the government. But the problem is Such numbers are actually difficult to find in real driving environments. The stated official driving range is due to the experienced driver with great endurance. And in extremely favorable environments that are not what the user will actually experience, for example, weather plays a huge role in the driving range. That is, if the weather is cold Drive mileage can be reduced by up to 40%, so EV may not be the best choice for cold climates. In addition, the electric train works more efficiently if it is touched with tenderness. This means that heavy foot drivers may have shorter travel distances.

Limited total travel distance

            While the best range is 335 miles (539 km) offered by the Tesla Model S 100D, it is far from the total travel range of a four-cylinder petrol engine with an average total travel range of 370 miles ( 595 km) approximately from a full tank of fuel.

            Besides Tesla, most other electric vehicles have a total travel range of just 100-278 miles (160-447 km) from a full charge. Driving an electric car can make everyday activities a challenging and challenging task, however, most people may not need much mileage. This is because the average person only travels about 30 miles (48 kilometers) a day.

Unreasonable price

            The price of an electric car is also much more expensive than a gas-powered vehicle. While many countries offer tax incentives and discounts to their users, the average starting price of an electric car is still out of reach for ordinary people.

There are very few options.

            Although electric cars are good for the world. But still not much in production. This makes there a very few options for consumers to choose to suit their lifestyles in use. Most electric cars are small models. For short-term urban use and with battery power constraints. Including very few charging service locations Making it impossible to drive out of the far provinces

            The pros and cons mentioned above would be enough to enable everyone to decide. whether they want an electric vehicle or not. And is this car suitable for each person’s lifestyle or not? Although there are several disadvantages But of course the advantages are not less And, of course, electric cars are environmentally friendly. This means that you can help make our world a better place. 

There is a power cut system when the battery is sufficient. No worries if the battery is left charging

As mentioned above, batteries are an essential component and are expensive. This makes many people worry and has a huge impact on their decision to buy an electric car. Which batteries and motors in electric cars The system was designed to be used repeatedly. Even with frequent charging It does not affect the deterioration of the battery. It also has a system that helps cut off the power when the electricity level in the battery is sufficient for use.

But the battery can wear out according to use. Generally, the average battery life is 6-8 years depending on “ duration ” and “ mileage ”. For example, “Nissan LEAF” has a lifetime warranty. The battery is 8 years or 160,000 kilometers. The “MG ZS EV” has a warranty of 8 years or 180,000 kilometers of battery life, which is the life of an electric car battery is equivalent to the life of a typical car that is. have

Access to various types of charging

Currently, there are 3 types of car charging : Quick Charger , DC Charging , using an EV Charger ( electric vehicle charging station ) that supplies power directly to the electric vehicle battery. It takes 40-60 minutes to charge, which is the fastest charging method. Available for Charger CHAdeMo used in Asia and Charger CCS popular in Europe and America, Normal Charger and Charger Wall Box is recharged with power alternating electric current (AC Charging) are mostly seen in the form of a charge the stick. Walls in shopping malls or hotels

The charging time can be up to 4-9 hours depending on the battery size. And specification of each electric car model and Normal Charger that is connected directly from the home socket Suitable for people who want to charge at home. It takes the longest to recharge, an average of 12-15 hours. The house’s electricity meter must be able to handle a minimum of 15 (45) A and the home power outlet must be reinstalled. Provide a dedicated outlet for electric vehicle charging. In addition, it should be equipped with an automatic power cut when fully charged or in an emergency. Many private companies are now selling the charger and are ready to provide home installation services.

There are many famous brands. Many nationalities to choose from

The electric car market in Thailand continues to be bustling. Because many brands have hit the market, consumers have more choices. Deciding to buy an electric car is not easy. It depends mainly on the suitability and needs of each consumer, for example, the FOMM One, a Japanese electric car with four seats, a battery capacity of 11.8 kWh, can run 160 km / charge the battery once, full 1 time. Just AC Type2 MG ZS EV electric utility vehicle Use an electric motor PMSM 150 horsepower, torque 350 Nm, battery capacity 44.5 kWh, run up to 337 km /One battery charge For the charger can support AC Type2.

CCS2 Hyundai IONIQ EV, high performance electric vehicle with up to 204 horsepower, 395 Nm torque , 28 kWh battery, running up to 280 km / one battery charge. For the charger can support AC Type2 and CCS2, etc.

If you have to travel long distances, you have to plan accurately

Currently, the number of electric vehicle users in Thailand is not as popular as overseas. Because the public’s attitudes are still concerned and not fully understood about electric cars. It may also be because the price is too high. When compared to the performance and comfort that gets Due to charge the battery once it can run at a distance of about 300-400 km . , Only suitable for urban use. But those who have to travel long distances may need to plan carefully. Because there are not enough electric vehicle charging stations in Thailand Making it unable to support extensive use The availability of electric vehicles in Thailand can therefore be called only at the entry level.

In addition, there is very little support or campaigns to educate about electric vehicles in Thailand. It makes manufacturers and buyers not see the benefits of using electric cars. This is different from other countries that clearly have measures to promote and give privileges to people who use electric cars. Such as tax exemptions, special lanes, free parking fees, etc. However, in the future, electric vehicle usage will surely come. Not just abroad But Thailand will be pressured to switch to electric cars instead of burning cars. Whether ready or not ready.

What is DHCP?

What is Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol or DHCP  ? It is a standard network protocol used over the Internet Protocol (IP) network, controlled through a DHCP server to distribute values. Network configuration for hosts that are under the same network, such as IP , Subnet , Gateway, most routers  have the feature of DHCP server already, allowing home computers or PCs to connect to the router using DHCP in Distributing IP addresses without having to configure them to all hosts reduces the burden of network administrators by chasing network configurations on every host in the system.

DHCP functionality

After knowing what DHCP is, let’s look at and how it works by devices in the network to send data internally or between network via TCP / IP,  which the DHCP server can manage the TCP / IP settings of each device in the network automatically or some devices. You can configure it yourself without DHCP, for example, in homes, you usually get a public IP from your internet service provider or ISP only 1 IP, so if we have multiple devices that need to connect to the internet, we can use the DHCP feature on the router. To distribute local IP or private IP (192.168.1.0/24) distributed to devices in our home instead. All of which will NAT back out to the internet with the same public IP.

DHCP works in a way Client-Server When the device within the network is connected to the DHCP client or the device itself will send broadcast to search DHCP server information and when the DHCP server receives the request information. Will manage the IP pool that itself stored This will contain the information of the default gateway, domain name, name servers and time servers. The DHCP server will send the network configuration information that has not yet been used to the client. This value, the DHCP side will remember it for a period of time. The client rebooted and reconnected to the DHCP server to send the same settings back. But if it exceeds that time, the DHCP server may return a new value instead.

Procedure for selecting IP address of DHCP server.

1. Dynamic allocation

Administrators can set the range of IP addresses for DHCP, what IP addresses will be distributed by DHCP clients in the system, and can set a time interval for DHCP server to retrieve IP addresses after inactivity back into the pool for distribution. Other devices.

2. Automatic allocation

Like dynamic allocation. DHCP server distributes persistent IP addresses to clients requesting them in accordance with dynamic allocation.The DHCP server keeps a table of which devices the IP addresses distribute to. It will distribute the same IP address that was previously assigned to that device if that IP address is still free.

3. Manual allocation (Static allocation)

The DHCP server can assign a private IP to the device based on the MAC address of the requested client by configuring. This is static DHCP assigmenet or fixed-address (dhcpd). If the Mac address is not found to be mapping, the DHCP server can return to it by Dynamic or Automatic allocation instead.

Currently, DHCP supports IPv4 and IPv6  , regardless of the version, DHCP is used for the same purpose. But IPv6 may have more configuration features such as stateless address autoconfiguration or ink-local addressing.

DHCP procedure

DHCP is connected as connectionless by using  User Datagram Protocol (UDP), which is used with two ports:

Port 67 for server side

Port 68 for the client side

DHCP operation has a procedure known as DORA or discovery, offer, request, acknowledegment.

1. DHCP discovery

Beginning with Client, broadcast message to network subnet at IP address 255.255.255.255 or other subnet broadcast. Sometimes request to last known IP address, if client connects to same network, server side will accept that request but that depends. With the management of the server side, if the timeout expired has been exceeded, it will have to request a new IP address.

2. DHCP offer

When DHCP server receives DHCP discovery from client side. DHCP server will reserve IP address for client and send DHCP offer to client which will contain client’s MAC address. IP address provided, Subnet Mask, duration. And the IP address of the DHCP server to communicate.

3. DHCP request

Use a DHCP offer from the client side.You can receive a DHCP offer from multiple servers. But only one DHCP by the client, then the DHCP request tells you which server the client chooses and when the DHCP server receives this message. Will cancel the IP address reservation and return back to the pool

4. DHCP acknowledgment

After the DHCP server receives the DHCP request from the client side. The configuretion comes to the last phase, which is to send the DHCP ack packet back. Any other configuration that the client may need.Wherein the IP address has been setup.

What is Hadoop?

Speaking of Big Data, the first name that many people will think of is Hadoop. What is Hadoop?

Hadoop, formally known as Apache Hadoop, is a software framework for managing large data sets and distributed processing on a computer cluster.

Personally, I view Hadoop as a computing and data storage platform because it has two main functions:

  • Storage management
  • Manage computing resource management

And I say that Hadoop is a platform because Hadoop allows us to build programs to run on Hadoop using the resources provided by Hadoop.

Hadoop is made up of four key components:

  • Common – is a centralized libraries and utilities that support the functionality of other modules in Hadoop.
  • Distributed File System (HDFS) – It is a distributed file system that allows users to easily manage large files.
  • YARN (Yet Another Resource Negotiator) – A framework for job scheduling and resource management on the Hadoop cluster.
  • MapReduce – MapReduce is a programming model or programming paradigm designed to write programs for parallel processing. Simply put, we can write programs to run on multiple computers at the same time in our Hadoop cluster.

Hadoop Architecture

The hero that made Hadoop known has two parts: HDFS and YARN.

It is a file system that manages the data files within the Hadoop Cluster system by dividing the files into pieces (blocks). And distributing each block to be stored on different machines in the cluster. In clustering to guarantee that if an event in a cluster fails.

By using the user, the system can see the drive or access the files in HDFS with only one location. (In fact, files are distributed and stored on multiple machines.) Users do not need to know how many machines there are in a cluster. When we keep a lot of files and less storage space. We were able to add a new computer to the Hadoop cluster (Horizontal Scaling) to free up file storage space without shutting down the system.

YARN (Yet Another Resource Negotiator) and MapReduce.

Hadoop YARN is a resource (memory and process) manager within the Hadoop Cluster, acting like a housekeeper, scheduling tasks to run smoothly in the Hadoop system. Especially the work that is Map Reduce.

Apache Hadoop YARN

All programs written in MapReduce Model will run entirely on YARN. The programmer does not have to write programming hassle to manage the resources in the system as before because YARN manages the resources.

The Hadoop Ecosystem

Several software solutions that have evolved into the Hadoop ecosystem. Each of which represents the unique capabilities of Hadoop to deliver performance. As shown in the example below.

  • ZooKeeper – A service traffic management assistant distributed on the Hadoop Cluster as a housekeeper for Hadoop programs or services.
  • STORM – A processor that manages streaming data or real-time data.
  • Solr Lucene – a full-text search or HDFS-based search engine.
  • Mahout – A collection of tools for managing machine learning tasks and mathematical models.
  • Hive – This is an SQL engine that query data with sql commands, runs on MapReduce for those familiar with querying data in sql.
  • Pig – is a platform used for data management services. They have easy-to-understand instructions or high-level language programming. It also relies on the ability to execute from the MapReduce framework or even run in Spark mode.
  • Spark – Cluster computing framework, used to build large-scale data processing applications. It has a function similar to MapReduce, but Spark works in-memory unlike MapReduce, which requires a disk.
  • HBase – A non-RDBMS database system that stores data on HDFS
  • Cassandra – A NoSQL database system that handles big data , offers scalability.
  • Flume – A tool capable of handling log data including collection, aggregation, and transferring of large log data that is streaming.
  • Kafka – Real-time transmission and transmission wizard capable of handling large streaming data.
  • Sqoop – A data transfer wizard between RDBMS and Hadoop. Can import data from legacy database to Hadoop or export data from Hadoop to database.

How does Hadoop handle big data?

As in the previous article, there are four types of big data (4Vs) that we have to deal with. Volume, Velocity, Variety, and Veracity. Hadoop can expand the system. Horizontal scale.We can add a simple machine or PC to the Hadoop cluster to easily expand the disk space, memory space , computing power.

  • V1: Volume – Hadoop has the ability to handle large volumes of data comfortably since Hadoop has HDFS than above. That can support large files, plus there are many ecosystems that can handle data that are likely to increase like HBase or Cassandra, etc.
  • V2: Velocity – Rapid increase in data rate gain. Data that flows into streaming or manage data in real-time, Hadoop has tools to manage these things like Storm or Kafka.
  • V3: Variety – Variety of information. There are many forms of information in the system. With HDFS, we can handle all kinds of file formats. When it comes to unstructured or scalable data (such as XML or JSON), we can store this kind of data with the capabilities of a NoSQL database like Cassandra.
  • V4: Veracity – The Reliability section of the data. This requires the ability of a data scientist or a data scientist to manage or decide whether.
  • V5: Value —V The last V-Value is the value obtained from information. Or making information useful to users. We need to use our Machine Learning or Data Mining knowledge to generate new knowledge from the vast amounts of data we collect. Hadoop also has an ecosystem that facilitates us. There are tools or libraries to help you build machine learning models.

Why is Hadoop so popular with Big Data?

Low cost computing system – Hadoop is an open-source software that we can download for free. With the terms of Apache License 2.0 and Hadoop, it can run on normal computers such as home PCs or old notebooks, it can be made as a Hadoop Cluster, not necessarily a server.

Effective Ecosystem – Hadoop provides a suite of powerful ecosystem programs. In addition to being free There are also many great helper programs included, including Hive, HBase, Pig, Spark, Sqoop, and many others.

Easy-to-Scale – We can easily add nodes to a Hadoop Cluster without much time consuming and money.

conclude

Hadoop is a software framework designed specifically to deal with Big Data, so it can meet almost every big data requirement.The ecosystem also has great tools for developers to use or develop. Plus save money but it does not seem suitable for average users. Installing and running Hadoop requires quite deep IT knowledge in System Admin and Software Development to be able to deploy Hadoop effectively.

Social Robot, an AI robot that shows human-like emotions

At the RISE Conference in Hong Kong on 8-11 July last. Furhat Social Robot was launched by Samer Al Moubayed, co-founder of Furhat Robotics, and performed the first demonstration of the robot on stage in Asia. Which drew a lot of attention from the attendees.

Samer co-founded Furhat Robotics in Stockholm. Sweden in 2014 with the idea of ​​creating a robot that can interact with humans as if they were real humans. Make the user feel as though they are chatting with a familiar friend. Since AI technology has advanced a lot and voice assistant tools are in widespread use. Samer sees them as being convenient for users, but without human touch or human interaction. It missed opportunities to build relationships with users. Because every function is just a command for the system to work without interacting to create a new and memorable experience for the user. 

For example Coffee ordering with barista staff in which. If the service staff are smiling and smiling, remember our name, we will unknowingly feel good about that brand. Unlike ordering coffee with an automatic machine. Which we expect only convenience, speed and accuracy

It is at this point that Samer sees it as an opportunity to develop new robots capable of expressing human-like interactions. It is a combination of social and technology. When fully developed, can be used in a wide range of applications, enhancing human-robot interaction.  

How is Furhat different from other familiar robots?

The difference is clear. In addition to AI intelligence, Furhat can interact with humans in a way that is similar to humans, that is, not just the interaction of instructions. Instead, it can talk, joke, joke, tell stories, express facial expressions, express feelings, nod, look in the eyes, or dodge when nervous. Furhat adjusts its interactions based on the user’s facial expressions and gestures based on the analysis of data from the attached camera. Inside, Furhat can detect when to stop speaking and listen. Or when should you respond Such technology allows social robots to interact with humans in complex situations unlike conventional robots.

A robot is typically built to perform a specific task, such as a delivery robot. Serves only delivery. There was no discussion, in Furhat’s case, the founding team had not been able to have a clear objective since its inception of what it was used for. It turns out that it has evolved over time and found that can use in many use cases because it has evolved to be human-like.

So what can furhat do?

Talk naturally Show facial expressions that respond to the user’s reaction.

There is human-like movement, making good UX. Support 40 languages.

Change face to change character instantly. Since the face area is a screen, the front is not part of the hardware, so you can choose whether you want it to be a woman or a man. This is a feature that Samer thinks is important, because real-world use in each situation requires a different type of robot. Used in the hospital, it should look reliable. If used in service work, it should look beaming.And many more being developed and tried

Use case What are the current applications of Furhat?

Samer said the organization can use Furhat to do anything that has to do with communicating with people. There are big name organizations that have already started trials with Furhat, including Disney, Honda, Deutsche Bahn and the Merck Group.

Examples of interesting use cases include

Customer service / concierge Furhat is deployed at Frankfurt Airport and the train station at Berlin in Germany. To help answer questions and provide advice to tourists It solves the problem of non-fluent English speaking people who are lost and unable to find information. Furhat speaks 40 languages ​​and offers real-time travel information, facilitating travelers from all over the world.

Unbiased interview helps HR interview the job and helps to reduce time constraints.

because HR usually has problems with scheduling interviews. Finding the perfect time is difficult and HR has a limited time in 1 day. Can interview at most a few people But if it is a robot, it can work 24 hours a day. Helping to provide first-round HR screening.There is also the advantage for organizations to ensure that interviews are compliant. Without prejudice, for example in some countries where people are deprived. Different religions or choose men over women In this case, the use of a test robot is measured at unbiased capacity.

Medical screening As you know, medical personnel are limited. Whereas the population is large Therefore robots were used to answer questions and screening patients. Ask in-depth questions to diagnose symptoms early before they spread. Provide basic advice in less serious cases. So that medical facilities can certify a large number of patients.

Will having robots like this make more people lose their jobs?

It comes to an important question that is the hot topic of this age that many people fear that. They will lose their job because of robots. He did not create Furhat as a replacement for human work. Rather, it is intended to be a smart assistant that can help humans in a variety of situations. 

It’s a robot that creates a new kind of user experience that AI chatbot or smart speakers can’t. So that humans can have more time to spend and can focus on creative work. That requires humanity Use skills that a robot can’t do It is therefore important that we keep developing new skills and focus on skills that robots cannot do.
For example, he does not want robots to replace HR employees. He wants robots to reduce this part of HR so that HR will have time spent planning HR events for organizational development. Arrange personnel to suit the business unit Create an organization culture Chat collecting information from people in the organization. 

The role of AI (Artificial intelligence) in digital marketing.

Go see the AI (artificial intelligence or AI) from the past in order to understand the origin and meaning of all this.

Many of us may not know that this term started when the term  artificial intelligence was thought up in smoke. 

Prof . 1956 by  John McCarthy during the conference for the first time. But understanding the possibilities that machines will have thinking Has started since before that.

Here is a brief history of  AI  in the old days.
  • Year c . AD . 1920 , published Rossum’s Universal Robots (RUR) by Karek Capek , a science fiction about a factory that built the robot and the first word robot was created.
  • Year c . AD . 1942 Alan Turing encryption is complex, which is used as a communication of the Nazis. Become a prototype for building computers with algorithms and computation logic.
  • Year c . AD . 1956 is the  Dartmouth conference , a workshop, a first for AI and has established branches AI up by the researchers gathered to established research on AI and the later it is done. A larger research project came up as well.
  • Year c . AD . 1974 is the first event of the termination of an AI (AI Winter) in respect of research by the US and Britain.
  • And later, the focus on AI is back again with the name of Expert Systems that can answer questions , solve problems and provide knowledge that is specific.
  • Year c . AD . 1981 has been a major part , 93% were designed from the VAX 9000 CPU logic gates by the final design of the CPU can calculate and give better results than a human expert.

The second round of focus on AI came in the late 80’s , a time where financial troubles began.

Fast forward to the future  

Artificial intelligence Has proven its ingredients and importance in this age of digital marketing. A large number of emerging. Businesses (startups) and e-commerce are investing in AI to leverage their businesses and deliver better customer experiences.

Global businesses such as Amazon and Apple are also using AI to manage the use of speech technology to market. By using the platform, Alexa or Siri , which aims to help Remodel ” buying behavior ” of the customer purchase decision better.

From the previous year there was a huge shift to the digital age that uses today’s knowledge and technology.

This rapidly changing industry and market needs to be transformed by the latest AI .
  • The advantages of  AI  for your business 
  • AI  helps create better content
  • Voice search
  • Help target advertising
  • Program to help answer chats  (chatbots)
  •  Retargeting marketing
  • Foresight to serve customers
  • Marketing automation
  • Dynamic email
  • Help analyze from forecast
  • Personal use of content

Artificial intelligence is the digital revolutionary tool that has helped shape this emerging digital marketing. This has been proven by a variety of innovations, such as in content creation, AI has become invaluable and can be used for the development of innovative algorithms to make content more interesting.  

Conclude

As AI technology continues to advance Marketers thus have the opportunity to understand and build relationships with their customers at a more attractive level. This will help them improve their access to personal information. Until they become more proficient in developing customized shopping experiences. The information provided by AI should be used in the right way , clearly identifying and knowing what kind of content customers want to get from the brand. This will be a positive impact that will make life better.