Keith Payne, a professor of social psychology at the University of North Carolina who studies inequality, spoke on the TED forum about the issue in a way that made us look at inequality in another dimension.
It is well known that the problem of inequality is becoming more severe every day. All may have heard of some very shocking numbers: Eight of the world’s richest people have more assets than the poorest in the world. Three thousand five hundred million people together, etc.
Inequality is the reason people have shorter life. Less happy And there are even more opportunities to enter crime and drug orbit. This is true regardless of poor or rich countries.
In a country as rich as the United States Inequality has also been linked to political conflicts.
Over the past several decades The inequality increases along with the political conflicts that increase.
How are these two stories related?
Although supporters of the Democrat and Republican parties agree that inequality should be mitigated. The political conflicts Causing each other to look at the opposite person, not just the opposite But many people find that those who support each other are ‘stupid’ and are a danger to the country. In this way, finding a common point to find an exit is almost impossible.
Interestingly, Keith Payne noted that If political conflicts and inequality are related. Then We must study both at the same time. Because perhaps the change would have to take place in both dimensions.
First of all, let’s get to know what psychologists call “better than average effect”, a phenomenon that most people believe we are doing better than average in every way. Matters we care about
Most people believe that we have more knowledge, work harder. More than capable or even drive a car better than average
Even if the person lying in the hospital due to a car accident was at fault. I still think I drive better than average.
So most people will see themselves better than the average. But sometimes when the results come out, it isn’t like that. Coping with it is not easy. In any case, it has changed our perspective of the world.
Keith Payne is taking this research seriously. By giving the participants the trial work that uses the idea and the reward from the work that uses the “idea” is money, with everyone receiving the same amount. But no one knows
When done All the people were randomly divided into two groups. The first group was told that they performed better than the average and earned more money than the other group. The second group was told that they performed worse than average. And earn less money than other groups
This made the first group feel “richer” while the second group felt “until” despite the fact that everyone had the same amount of money.
Both groups were asked questions such as how much do you think you are capable of making decisions? The “richer” group said they were more capable than the “until” group when asked if you made more money ( Which actually doesn’t get more). Because of what, the richer group will say that it comes from more effort. And its results are justified.
While that group until said The system is not fair. In which case they are also correct
When asked the state’s tax and welfare question, the “richer” groups say that the taxes on the rich are too much, should be lower. And the welfare of the poor should be cut as well Because those people should “Try harder” for myself
When asked what you think the “until” groups disagree with, the “richer” groups say that “until” people who disagree with their idea of taxes and welfare. Incompetent, biased and selfish
When similar questions are asked to “until” groups, they do not feel that the “richer” group is incompetent, biased, or selfish.
We have not forgotten. That the truth is that everyone has the same amount of money …
But because they feel “richer”, some people think they have more “rights” than others and can “devalue” the thinking of those who disagree with themselves.
This kind of belief that we used to think must be cultivated for a long time. But these few minutes of experimentation show that the feeling of “richer” or “until” really changes our view of the world.
When we accomplish something, it is very easy to stick with ourselves and say that success comes from. Our hard work and abilities are pure. But as we can see from the research that People who work hard are not always meant to “succeed.”
Shai Davidai and Tom Gilovich, two psychologists. Previous research was called The headwinds / tailwinds asymmetry: An availability bias in assessments of barriers and blessings.
By the research said During our lives we strive for something. It’s like we’re walking “against the wind”, and what we see is full of obstacles. And the obstacles are just things as you can see and remember.
While at some point in our lives we walk “chasing the wind,” it can mean luck or a system that is favorable to us. When we walk this ‘by the wind’, all we see is ‘myself’ and amazing abilities. Few people will feel the wind pushing us.
If we see it like this, I believe The next time we “label” someone who says they are stupid, lazy or incompetent.
Perhaps we will need to revisit how much we have had in our lives that “wind” has pushed. How many times has “good luck” brought us out of a bad situation?
If you look at this point of view, we believe that we will not judge people who disagree with us that they are. Incompetent, biased or just acting for oneself We will see the world more realistically, and I believe we will understand more that. There are many others that he tried just like us. But with social structure, rules, and even luck, he doesn’t come as far as ours.
If you understand like this We will be more kind to others. While our own ego will decrease as well
We should live in this world more “understanding” and “happiness”.